State's Drug Courts Could Expand to Target Prison-Bound Adult Offenders
Report 09-13, March 2009
Drug courts provide supervised community treatment designed to divert drug-addicted offenders from the criminal justice system. The two principal types of drug court programs for adult offenders are pre-trial diversion drug courts for first-time drug offenders, and post-adjudicatory drug courts for non-violent offenders who typically have prior convictions.
- National research has shown that drug courts can reduce the future criminal activities of offenders.
- Effective drug court programs can help reduce prison admissions and state costs.
- Over a three-year follow-up period, offenders who successfully completed post-adjudicatory drug courts in Florida were 80% less likely to go to prison than the matched comparison group.
- While drug court graduates have lower recidivism rates, only half of post-adjudicatory drug court participants complete the program, and many non-completers are sentenced to prison.
Two issues-program eligibility limitations and low completion rates-must be addressed if drug courts are expanded to reduce prison admissions.
Expansion Drug Courts Can Produce Positive Outcomes Through Prison Diversion and Reduced Recidivism
Report 14-02 January 2014
Expansion Drug Courts Serving More Prison-Bound Offenders, but Will Not Fully Expend Federal Funds
Report 11-21 November 2011
Without Changes, Expansion Drug Courts Unlikely to Realize Expected Cost Savings
Report 10-54 October 2010
Judicial Case Management Practices Vary Throughout State; Better Case Data Needed
Report 09-06 January 2009
Drug courts, prison diversion, post-adjudicatory, drug court outcomes