Florida's Participation in the Interstate Medical Licensure Compact Would Require Statutory Changes to Avoid Legal Conflicts
Report 19-07, October 2019
- The Interstate Medical Licensure Compact is an agreement among 29 states, the District of Columbia, and the Territory of Guam, whereby physicians can seek expedited medical licensure in compact member states.
- As a compact member, Florida would retain the right to regulate the practice of medicine, but some of the state's licensure provisions fall outside of compact requirements. Florida would have the option to participate in joint disciplinary investigations and would continue to resolve disciplinary actions pursuant to Florida's medical practice acts.
- License suspension and revocation actions by other compact states would require Florida to take action based on another state's determination. While Florida compact physicians would have due process rights in Florida, these rights would be more limited if a Florida physician chose to designate a state other than Florida as their state of principal license under the compact.
- Some compact provisions conflict with Florida's laws, and therefore the Legislature would need to consider statutory changes if the state wished to join the compact. Relevant compact provisions that would need to be addressed include those related to general licensing requirements, due process procedures, sovereign immunity, closed meetings, and public records. The Legislature could consider enacting statutory exemptions or making other statutory changes to address these issues.
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