OPPAGA text logo with graphic of FL historic capitol
OPPAGA text logo with graphic of FL historic capitol

Education System

Federal Title I Programs

What is the purpose of the program?

The purpose of Title I, as amended December 10, 2015, under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), is to provide all children the significant opportunity to receive a fair, equitable, and high-quality education, and to close educational achievement gaps through federal funding to local education agencies.

What are the components of Title I?

Title I is one portion of the federal Every Student Succeeds Act. There are five components to Title I.
  • Part A: Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Educational Agencies, which constitutes the largest part of Title I and aims to help students at eligible schools meet challenging academic standards.
  • Part B: State Assessment Grants, which states can use to pay for the costs of the development of state assessments and standards.
  • Part C: Education of Migratory Children, which assists states in supporting high-quality and comprehensive educational programs and services that address the unique needs of migratory children.
  • Part D: Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent or At-Risk, which provides education continuity for children in state-run juvenile and adult correctional institutions and to ensure youths' successful transitions to school or employment once they are released.
  • Part E: Flexibility for Equitable Per-Pupil Funding, which provides local school districts the flexibility to consolidate eligible federal funds with state and local education funding in order to create a single school funding system based on weighted per-pupil allocations for low-income and otherwise disadvantaged students.

How do Title I, Part A funds promote student achievement?

Title I provides financial assistance through states to local school districts and schools with high numbers or percentages of children from low-income families. These funds may be used for professional development, strategies to improve students' skills outside of the academic subject areas, early intervening services, extended-time programs, parent involvement, and other strategies.  These funds also can be used school-wide in high-poverty schools or to assist specific students in Targeted Assistance schools.

How do schools qualify for School-Wide or Targeted Assistance Title I, Part A funds?

Schools are eligible for School-Wide Title I funds if not less than 40% of the students are from low-income families. School-Wide Title I funds may be used for services that benefit all children enrolled.

Targeted Assistance funds may be used only to provide academic services to specific students that qualify for those funds.

What other services does Title I provide?

Other portions of Title I (Parts C and D) provide services and coordination to help migrant youth, those in state institutions for neglected and delinquent youth, and those transitioning out of these facilities meet state academic achievement standards.

How is the performance of Title I schools evaluated?

Under the Every Student Succeeds Act, any state desiring to receive a grant under Title I, Part A, has to submit a state plan that ensures the adoption of challenging academic standards, demonstrates implementation of high-quality student academic assessments, and has a statewide accountability system. In addition, the Florida Department of Education provides data on the performance of Title I schools on its website.

For more information on Florida's accountability system, see the School Improvement, Assessment, and Accountability program summary.

How are these activities funded?

Title I is the largest federal program supporting elementary and secondary education. It is funded entirely by the federal government under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The U.S. Department of Education's estimated allocation to local school districts in Florida is $898,112,825 for federal Fiscal Year 2019-20. The Florida Legislature appropriates these funds each year through the General Appropriations Act.


Waiver of Certain ESEA Provisions.  In March 2020, the U.S. Department of Education granted the Florida Commissioner of Education's request for a state waiver from the statewide assessment, accountability, and reporting requirements of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) for the 2019-20 school year in response to the school closures related to COVID-19. As part of the waiver, any school in Florida identified for comprehensive or targeted support and improvement and additional targeted support and improvement will maintain that status in the 2020-21 school year and continue to receive support services and interventions throughout the 2020-21 school year.  

Where can I find related OPPAGA reports?

A complete list of related OPPAGA reports is available on our website.

Where can I get more information?

What are the applicable statutes?

Title 20, U.S. Code, s. 6301 et seq., and ss. 1008.33 and 1011.69(5)Florida Statutes.

Whom do I contact for help?

Bureau of Federal Educational Programs, 850-245-0479, email:  bfep@fldoe.org